Bristol Channel, Bristol | West Wales | Devon | South Wales | Somerset
The Bristol Channel's lower limit is usually given as St Govans Head in Pembrokeshire on the north shore, and Hartland Point in Devon on the southern bank. Lundy Island sits in the mouth of the channel at its most westerly point. Two other notable islands lie in the channel, Caldey Island, Flat Holm and Steep Holm. The upper reach of the Bristol Channel is charted as between Sand Point in Somerset and Lavernock Point in the South Wales.
To the east of the channel is the Severn estuary. This marks the historic entrance to Bristol and the heart of England. The coastlines of western and northern Pembrokeshire and Cornwall not considered as being along the Bristol Channel. They are actually on the Atlantic Ocean seaboard. Bude in North Cornwall, however, used to be thought of by sailors on their way to Cardiff as the gateway to the Bristol Channel.
The coastline of the Bristol Channel is a haven to wildlife. A variety of rich habitats has helped the area lay claim to more miles of Heritage coastline than any other stretch of seaboard in the United Kingdom. The coastal areas of Exmoor, Bideford Bay, the Hartland Point peninsula, Lundy Island, Glamorgan , Gower Peninsula , South Pembrokeshire and Caldey Island are all Heritage coastlines. Lundy Island was made a statutory Marine Nature Reserve in 1986. The sheer variety of marine habitats and wildlife there were recognised as being important and worthy of protective status. Many rare and unusual species can be found in the waters around Lundy, including seaweed, branching sponges, sea fans and cup corals.
It's not only wildlife that finds the Bristol Channel area attractive. The Times Travel magazine selected Barafundle Bay in Pembrokeshire as one of the top 12 best beaches in the world in 2004. Then, in 2007, it was the turn of Oxwich Bay to make an appearance in the magazine's top 12 best beaches in the world list. The judges were so impressed with Oxwich Bay that it was also selected by them as Britain's best beach for 2007.
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