Born on 20th of July 1745
Died on 17th of June 1806
While the earlier virtuoso Wren may spring to mind as London’s most celebrated architect because of his church commissions, Henry Holland probably contributed more to the ambience and overall look of the capital. He was responsible for large swathes of greenfield construction in Knightsbridge and Chelsea – including the emblematic Sloane Square - that epitomise one particularly elegant and desirable aspect of the city, as well as landmark buildings like The Theatre Royal Drury Lane, and The Royal Opera House.
The neo-classical style Holland developed in his practice and from his training under Capability Brown, suited commissions like that for Brook’s Club, one of his earliest efforts, and the remodelling of York House into The Albany Apartments near the end of his career.
Outside his home city of London – he was born in Fulham - he was also responsible for Berrington Hall near Leominster, but his most famous work away from the capital is not now recalled for his efforts: he was the architect chosen by the Prince Regent to create in 1786 his Brighton Pavilion, a structure altered nearly beyond recognition by the flamboyant fripperies added after 1810 by Nash.
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