First English Prince of Wales


History on 7th February

IRA Fires Mortar at 10 Downing St

The Beatles arrive in America

First English Prince of Wales

Lincoln, Lincolnshire The 7th of February 1301 AD

The future Edward II is generally called the first English Prince of Wales, although he was actually born in Caernarfon Castle and spoke Norman French, the language of Englandís rulers, rather than English, that of its people.
Edward I gave his son the title in 1301 at a Parliament held in the Chapter House of Lincoln Cathedral . That city was one of the great centres of medieval Britain, but we must wonder if its choice for the investiture was a gesture of contempt for Wales, given its distance from that territory.
Edward of Caernarfon was just 16 when made Prince of Wales. He would accede to the English throne six years later. His reign was a less than glorious one for the country, witnessing the defeat at Bannockburn and interminable political squabbling not least because of his infatuations for Piers Gaveston then Hugh Despenser. It ended, or so it is generally believed, with a horrific death at Berkeley Castle in 1327 .
The two previous (Welsh) Princes of Wales met equally unpleasant ends: Llywelyn ap Gruffydd taken unawares and despatched by English soldiers; and his brother Daffyd with even less dignity hanged, drawn and quartered in Shrewsbury .

More famous dates here

6730 views since 20th January 2011

Brit Quote:
I would like to take you seriously, but to do so would be an affront to your intelligence - George Bernard Shaw
More Quotes

On this day:
Battle of Ashingdon - 1016, Chewing Gum first goes on sale - 1911, BBC Formed - 1922, First Brit Awards - 1977
More dates from British history

click here to view all the British counties

County Pages