Welsh Independence Dies with Llywelyn


History on 11th December

End of the IRA Balcombe Street siege

James II Abdicates

Welsh Independence Dies with Llywelyn

Builth Wells, Mid Wales The 11th of December 1282 AD

Llywelyn is regarded by some as the last native Prince of Wales, though his brother Dafydd succeeded him briefly before meeting a horrible end in Shrewsbury in 1283.
Llywelyn ambitiously proclaimed himself Prince of Wales in 1258; allied his cause to that of Simon de Montfort , with whom he agreed the Treaty of Pipton in 1265 not long before the latter died at Evesham ; and was recognized in his self-proclaimed status by Henry III in the Treaty of Montgomery in 1267.
When Edward I returned from his crusade two years after his fatherís death the situation changed; Edward and Llywelyn clashed for years until they reached a settlement at the Treaty of Aberconwy. That agreement effectively signalled the end to Welsh statehood in the coming years: Llywelyn was accorded limited territories in Northwest Wales, and his brother Dafydd a small fiefdom. But other lands were ceded to the English crown and its vassals, and significantly the Prince of Wales acknowledged Edward as his sovereign.
Edward bled Wales. Eventually this led to a rebellion in 1282. How Llywelyn came to die near Builth Wells is not clear, but it is thought he was tricked and isolated either by being drawn to meet English leaders away from his force; or attacked at the head of his army when expecting to parlay. Either way, he was slain and his head displayed first in Anglesey , and then at the Tower of London where it remained on view for 15 years. Dafydd, his brother, survived less than a year, a fugitive in a Wales already effectively under English control.

More famous dates here

4495 views since 22nd November 2010

Brit Quote:
Do what you will, this world's a fiction and is made up of contradiction - William Blake
More Quotes

On this day:
The Battle of Basing - 0871, 1st British Colonists reach New Zealand - 1840, Spanish Steamer Sinks SS Northfleet - 1873, Battle of Isandlwana - 1879, Queen Victoria dies - 1901, Ramsay MacDonald becomes Britain's 1st Labour PM - 1924, BBC Broadcasts 1st live Football Commentary - 1927, Public Sector Strike Begins - 1979, Space Invaders Hit UK - 1979
More dates from British history

click here to view all the British counties

County Pages